Ms Chapman was a pedestrian standing on the kerb at a bus stop when she was struck by the mirror of a passing car. She suffered severe injury to her arm.
The Court claimed she must have been leaning onto the road in order to be hit and was therefore equally to blame.
On appeal, it was held Ms Chapman was not at fault.
A pedestrian standing on a pavement is not guilty of negligence even if leaning onto the road or turning her back away from the traffic.